Department for Work and Pensions

Disability Equality Indicators

Comparing the life chances of disabled people to non-disabled people

 

The Disability Equality Indicators are a starting point in measuring progress towards disability equality. They cover a number of themes that disabled people have told us are important to them. These indicators are used to help monitor progress on the Independent Living Strategy, the Roadmap and the UN Convention.

We work with partners across Government to ensure there is transparency in how we compare the life chances of disabled people to non-disabled people. Further indicators will be published as data becomes available.

Please note that due to a change in the way that data is obtained some figures are not directly comparable with those of previous years. Where this is the case, the figures have been labelled as having a "gap in data".

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A1 - Use of childcare

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004. Figures from 2009 show that children in families with a disabled parent/guardian were significantly less likely to use childcare than children in families with no disabled parent/guardian. The gap between families with disabled children and children in families with no disabled parent/guardian was not significant. In 2009, 58% of children in families with a disabled parent/guardian used childcare compared to 65% of children in families with no disabled parent/guardian. In the same period, 63% of families with disabled children used childcare. These figures cannot be compared to the 2004 baseline for the reasons outlined below.

 200420072008
Disabled children (%) 53% 54% 56%
Children with disabled parent (%) 48% 46% 51%
Children in families with no disabled parents/guardians (%) 57% 57% 57%
  2008* 2009
Disabled children (%) 62% 63%
Children with disabled parent (%) 57% 58%
Children in families with no disabled parents/guardians (%) 65% 65%

* new definition of childcare used from 2008

Definition: Data for children in families with a disabled parent/guardian is taken from questions on whether the respondent to the survey, and/or the respondent's partner (if they have one) are disabled. The data covers use of any childcare, both formal and informal over a referenced term time week. Data covers England.

New features to the survey were introduced in 2008 in order to prompt parents to report that their children were receiving out-of-school provision through breakfast clubs or after-school clubs, while previously (in the 2004 and 2007 surveys) they may not have mentioned these activities because of perceiving them as not relevant to a study about childcare. In addition parents of four years olds who reported their child was at school but did not report any early years education were prompted and asked whether their child was attending reception class which is classified as childcare.

In order to enable comparisons across years a set of measures for 2008 which are consistent with 2004 and 2007 where also derived.  Hence the two sets of figures for 2008 reported above.

Further details about these methodological changes can be found in section 2.2 of the Childcare and Early Years Survey of Parents 2008.

Note: The group formerly referred to as "families where no-one is disabled" is now is now referred to as "families with no disabled parents/guardians".

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is also used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, for which the baseline is 2007.

Data Source: Childcare and Early Years Survey of Parents

Published: 06 December 2010

A2 - Unauthorised absence from school

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2006/07. Figures from 2010/11 show that pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN), both with and without a statement, missed 2% of half days of schooling through unauthorised absence compared to 0.8% half days of schooling missed by pupils without SEN.

 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11
SEN (%) 1.9% 1.9% 2.0% 1.9% 2.0%
No SEN (%) 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8% 0.8%

Definition: The absence rate presented above is the number of sessions missed due to unauthorised absence as a proportion of total sessions of schooling. The assessment of child’s Special Educational Needs by local authorities determines whether the local authority issues a statement of the child’s needs or not.

Disability was collected for the first time from schools on an optional basis in the 2011 School Census. SEN provides a limited proxy until consistent data are available from schools on disability (there are both disabled children who do not have SEN and non disabled children who do have SEN). SEN provision information is taken from the January of the examination year. Data collected prior to 2006/07 is not comparable due definitional changes. Data covers England.

Data Source: School Census

Published: 14 June 2012

A3 - Achievement at Key Stage 2

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005.

Between 2005 and 2011, the percentage of students achieving at least Level 4 at Key Stage 2 in English has:

During the same period, the percentage of students achieving at least Level 4 at Key Stage 2 in Maths has:

A3 - Achievement at Key Stage 2 (English)

 200220032004200520062007 2008 2009 2010 2011
No SEN (%) 88%87%89%91%91%92% 93% 92% 93% 93%
SEN with statement (%)13%13%15%16%17%19% 19% 17% 17% 20%
SEN without statement (%)37%34%38%41%42%46% 49% 47% 49% 51%

A3 - Achievement at Key Stage 2 (Maths)

 200220032004200520062007 2008 2009 2010 2011
No SEN (%) 87% 83% 85% 86% 87% 88% 89% 90% 91% 91%
SEN with statement (%) 15% 14% 17% 18% 19% 20% 21% 21% 20% 22%
SEN without statement (%) 41% 37% 38% 41% 43% 46% 49% 50% 52% 53%

Definition: Expected level of achievement at Key Stage 2 is level 4. Key Stage 2 is the legal term for the four years of schooling in England and Wales in maintained schools normally known as Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. Attainment in National Curriculum tests at the end of the Key Stage (Year 6) is the data presented here.

Disability was collected for the first time from schools on an optional basis in the 2011 School Census. SEN provides a limited proxy until consistent data are available from schools on disability (there are both disabled children who do not have SEN and non disabled children who do have SEN). Data covers England. Figures are final with the exception of 2010/11 data which are revised figures. SEN provision information is taken from the January of the examination year.

Note: Previously published data has been revised to take into consideration final figures.

  1. Comparisons with 2010 are likely to be affected by the single level test pilot and by industrial action. In 2010, 203 schools in ten local authorities took single level tests in mathematics instead of the Key Stage 2 mathematics National Curriculum Test. No pupils took single level tests in 2011. For 2010, figures were based upon those papers that were returned by schools for marking to the QCDA’s contracted external marking agency. Due to industrial action, these results covered 73 per cent of the papers expected to be externally marked for pupils in maintained schools, reflecting 3,999 maintained schools that were expected to participate in the Key Stage 2 tests but did not.

Data Source: National Pupil Database which matches School Census and Attainment data

Published: 14 June 2012

A4 - Achievement at Key Stage 3 - data no longer updated

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Between 2005 and 2007, the percentage of students achieving at least Level 5 at Key Stage 3 in English has

During the same period, the percentage of students achieving at least Level 5 at Key Stage 3 in Maths has

During the same period, the percentage of students achieving at least Level 5 at Key Stage 3 in Science has

A4 - Achievement at Key Stage 3 (English)

 200220032004200520062007
No SEN 78% 79% 81% 84% 83% 83%
SEN with statement10%10%11%12%12%14%
SEN without statement28% 27% 30% 36% 34% 38%

A4 - Achievement at Key Stage 3 (Maths)

 200220032004200520062007
No SEN (%)78% 80% 83% 83% 87% 86%
SEN with statement (%)14%13%15%15%18%18%
SEN without statement (%)31% 32% 35% 38% 43% 43%

A4 - Achievement at Key Stage 3 (Science)

 200220032004200520062007
No SEN (%) 77% 78% 76% 79% 82% 83%
SEN with statement (%) 19%16%14%17%18%20%
SEN without statement (%) 33% 31% 27% 33% 37% 40%

Definition: Expected level of achievement at Key Stage 3 is level 5. Key Stage 3 is the legal term for the three years of schooling in England and Wales in maintained schools normally known as Year 7, Year 8, and Year 9. Attainment in National Curriculum tests at the end of the Key Stage (Year 9) is the data presented here. Data covers England. The assessment of child’s Special Educational Needs by local authorities determines whether the local authority issues a statement of the child’s needs or not. Data is not currently collected by disability, SEN provides a limited proxy (there are both disabled children who do not have SEN and non disabled children who do have SEN).

Data Source: Figures combine School Census Data and Attainment Data

Published: 02 June 2009

A5 - Pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 achieving 5 or more GCSEs at grades A*-C

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year - 2005/06. Between 2005/06 and 20010/11, the percentage of pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 achieving 5 or more GCSE or equivalent qualifications at grades A*-C has:

 2005/062006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11
No SEN (%) 66.3% 69.4% 74.6% 80.2% 85.7% 88.9%
SEN without statement (%)19.8% 23.7% 30.5% 40.4% 51.7% 59.2%
SEN with statement (%)8.7% 9.4% 11.2% 14.9% 20.2% 24.9%

Definition: Data covers maintained schools only, including academies and City Technology Colleges and excluding independent schools, pupil referral units, independent special schools, and non-maintained special schools and, for Post-16, any pupils in sixth forms centres and further education sector colleges. The assessment of child’s Special Educational Needs by local authorities determines whether the local authority issues a statement of the child’s needs or not. 

Disability was collected for the first time from schools on an optional basis in the 2011 School Census. SEN provides a limited proxy until consistent data are available from schools on disability (there are both disabled children who do not have SEN and non disabled children who do have SEN). Data covers England. Figures are final with the exception of 2010/11 data which are revised figures. SEN provision information is taken from the January of the examination year.

Data Source: National Pupil Database

Published: 14 June 2012

A6 - The proportion of 16 year olds in full-time education by disabled / non-disabled

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year 2001/02. In 2006/07, 67 per cent of disabled 16 year olds were in full-time education compared to 72 per cent of non disabled 16 year olds. This gap however, is not statistically significant nor have figures changed significantly since the baseline.

  2001/02 2003/04 Gap in data 2006/07
Disabled 67% 68%   67%
Non disabled 71% 72%   72%

Definition: Youth Cohort Study (YCS) respondents report whether or not they are disabled; they were not asked about type of disability until cohort 13. There is considerable volatility over time in the reporting of disability and the sample sizes tend to be small. Any analysis of the disabled group is subject to fairly wide confidence intervals. The data used in 2001/02 and 2003/04 is YCS only but in 2006/07 is combined YCS and LSYPE data. This analysis gives us some understanding of the differences between the disabled and non disabled group within a cohort but there are limits to using data from successive cohorts to reliably infer trends in these differences.

Data Source: 2001/02 Youth Cohort Study (YCS) Cohort 11 Sweep 1
2003/04: YCS Cohort 12 Sweep 1
2006/07: YCS Cohort 13 Sweep 1 & Longitudinal Survey of Young People in England (LSYPE) Wave 4

Published: 14 June 2012

A7 - The proportion of young people who attain Level 3 qualifications by age 18

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year 2001/02. Figures from 2008/09 show that disabled young people were less likely to attain Level 3 qualifications by age 18 than non disabled young people. In 2008/09, 36 per cent of disabled young people had attained a Level 3 qualification by age 18 compared with 49 per cent of non disabled young people. These figures cannot be compared to the 2001/02 baseline for the reasons outlined below.

  2001/02 2005/06 Gap in data 2008/09*
Disabled 29% 38%   36%
Non disabled 44% 46%   49%

*There is a break in the series between 2005/06 and 2008/09 due to a change in data source, and because the disability questions in the surveys changed in 2008, based on advice from ODI. The change in question has led to a larger proportion of the cohort being classified as "disabled"; as such the disabled and non-disabled proportions from 2008 onwards are not comparable with previous years. Also the data source in 2008/09 is combined YCS and LSYPE data; in 2001/02 and 2005/06 it is YCS only.

Definition: Level 3 qualifications equate to 2 A-level passes or their equivalent. Youth Cohort Study (YCS) respondents report whether or not they are disabled; they were not asked about type of disability until cohort 13. There is considerable volatility over time in the reporting of disability and the sample sizes tend to be small. Any analysis of the disabled group is subject to fairly wide confidence intervals. The data used in 2001/02 and 2005/06 is YCS only but in 2008/09 is combined YCS and LSYPE data. This analysis gives us some understanding of the differences between the disabled and non disabled group within a cohort but there are limits to using data from successive cohorts to reliably infer trends in these differences.

Data Source: 2001/01: Youth Cohort Study (YCS) Cohort 11 Sweep 3
2005/06: YCS Cohort 12 Sweep 3
2008/09: YCS Cohort 13 Sweep 3 & Longitudinal Survey of Young People in England (LSYPE) Wave 6

Published: 14 June 2012

A8 - The proportion of young people in higher education at age 19

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year 2002/03. Figures from 2009/10 show that disabled young people were less likely to be in higher education at age 19 than non disabled young people. In 2009/10, 33 per cent of disabled young people were in higher education at age 19 compared to 41 per cent of non disabled young people. These figures cannot be compared to the 2002/03 baseline for the reasons outlined below.

  2002/03 2004/05 2006/07 Gap in data 2009/10*
Disabled 18% 24% 25%   33%
Non disabled 32% 36% 38%   41%

* There is a break in the series between 2006/07 and 2009/10 due to a change in data source, and because the disability questions in the surveys changed in 2008, based on advice from ODI. The change in question has led to a larger proportion of the cohort being classified as "disabled"; as such the disabled and non-disabled proportions from 2008 onwards are not comparable with previous years. Also the data source in 2009/10 is combined YCS and LSYPE data; in 2006/07 and previous it is YCS only.

Definition: Youth Cohort Study (YCS) respondents report whether or not they are disabled; they were not asked about the type of disability until cohort 13. There is considerable volatility over time in the reporting of disability and the sample sizes tend to be small. Any analysis of the disabled group is subject to fairly wide confidence intervals. The data used in 2006/07 and previous is YCS only but in 2009/10 is combined YCS and LSYPE data. This analysis gives us some understanding of the differences between the disabled and non disabled group within a cohort but there are limits to using data from successive cohorts to reliably infer trends in these differences.

Data Source: 2002/03: Youth Cohort Study (YCS) Cohort 10 Sweep 4
2004/05: YCS Cohort 11 Sweep 4
2006/07: YCS Cohort 12 Sweep 4
2009/10: YCS Cohort 13 Sweep 4 & Longitudinal Survey of Young People in England (LSYPE) Wave 7

Published: 14 June 2012

A9 - First degree qualifiers attaining a first or upper second class degree

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005/06. Figures from 2010/11 show that disabled students who completed their first degree were less likely to attain a first class or upper second degree than non disabled people. In 2010/11, 60 per cent of disabled students who completed their first degree attained a first class or upper second class degree in comparison to 64 per cent of non disabled students. These figures have changed significantly from the baseline.

 DisabledNon-disabled
2005/0656%59%
2006/0756%59%
2007/08 58% 61%
2008/09 58% 62%
2009/10 59% 63%
2010/11 60% 64%

Definition: Disability is identified by students on the basis of their own self-assessment. For continuing students, where the information is not already known, institutions have the option of recording the student’s disability as not sought. As a result, some institutions have not returned disability data for some of their students. In addition, students are not obliged to report a disability. Higher Education Statistics Agency therefore advises that the figures reported in analyses are derived from a subset which may not be representative of the total student population. Data covers UK domiciled first degree qualifiers from full-time courses.

Data Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency

Published: 12 July 2012

A10 - Students who do not continue in higher education after their first year

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. Figures from 2009/10 show that 5.5 per cent of young disabled students in receipt of Disabled Students Allowance (DSA), 9.1 per cent of young disabled students not in receipt of DSA, and 7.2 per cent of young non-disabled students did not continue in higher education after their first year.  The figures for young non-disabled students have significantly increased since the previous year. There has been no significant change for young disabled students, whether in receipt of DSA or not since the previous year.

The 2009/10 figures also show that 10.8 per cent of mature disabled students in receipt of DSA, 17.9 per cent of mature disabled students not in receipt of DSA, and 13.1 per cent of mature non-disabled students did not continue in higher education after their first year.  The figures for mature disabled students not in receipt of DSA have significantly increased since the previous year. There has been no significant change for mature disabled students in receipt of DSA or mature non-disabled students since the previous year. However, the percentage of mature non-disabled students not continuing in higher education has significantly decreased from the baseline year.

A10 – Students who do not continue in higher education after their first year (Young)

  Disabled students not in receipt of DSA (%) Disabled students in receipt of DSA (%) Non disabled students (%)
2004/05 8.65.07.2
2005/068.65.67.1
2006/07 8.5 6.0 7.4
2007/08 9.3 5.3 7.2
2008/09 8.4 5.0 6.5
2009/10 9.1 5.5 7.2

A10 – Students who do not continue in higher education after their first year (Mature)

  Disabled students not in receipt of DSA (%) Disabled students in receipt of DSA (%) Non disabled students (%)
2004/05 16.1 11.2 14.5
2005/06 16.8 11.0 14.3
2006/07 17.4 13.0 14.8
2007/08 17.6 10.5 14.0
2008/09 15.8 10.1 12.9
2009/10 17.9 10.8 13.1

Definition: Disability is self reported where not in receipt of DSA.  Young students are those under 21 on 30 September in the year they enter higher education.  The data covers full time first degree students at all United Kingdom Higher Education Institutions.

Data Source: Higher Education Funding Council for England analysis of Higher Education Statistics Agency student records.

Published: 12 July 2012

A11 - Satisfaction levels with higher education course

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures from 2011 show that 79 per cent of students with dyslexia were satisfied with the quality of their course. This is significantly less than non-disabled students (83 per cent). The figures for students with dyslexia or other disabilities have significantly changed since the baseline.

  Dyslexia (%) Other disability (%) Non-disabled (%)
2005

76

81

81

2006

75

78

80

2007

76

80

81

2008

78

80

82

2009

77

80

82

2010

77

81

82

2011

79

81

83

Definition: Disability is self reported. This indicator reports the percentage of students who definitely or mostly agreed with the following statement: “Overall, I am satisfied with the quality of my course”. Average scores are no longer used as a satisfaction measure. Data covers England only.

Note: In the 2006 and 2007 surveys it was not possible to exclude students studying on Initial Teacher Training (ITT) courses. In 2008, 2009 and 2010 this equated to 6681, 7363 and 6955 students respectively. For the 2009 survey the disability classification for "dyslexia" was reworded to "A specific learning difficulty e.g. dyslexia" which may affect the time series.

Data Source: National Student Survey

Published: 14 February 2013

A12 - The first destination of graduates 6 months after graduating

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. Figures from 2010/11 show that disabled graduates were less likely to be in employment and more likely to be unemployed or in further study as non-disabled graduates six months after graduating.

In 2010/11, 59.4 per cent of disabled graduates were in employment, compared to 64.8 per cent of non-disabled graduates, whilst 14.7 per cent of disabled graduates were assumed to be unemployed, compared to 11.1 per cent of non-disabled graduates. In the same period, 16.2 per cent of disabled graduates were in further study compared to 14.6 per cent of non-disabled graduates, whilst around 8.4 per cent of disabled and non-disabled graduates were engaged in both employment and further study. The figures for disabled graduates have not significantly changed since the baseline.

    Disabled Non disabled
2004/05In employment 60.2% 66.2%
In further study 16.1% 14.4%
In work and further study 8.9% 8.4%
Unemployed 13.5% 9.9%
Other 1.4% 1.0%
2005/06In employment61.0%66.4%
In further study15.8%14.5%
In work and further study9.2%8.6%
Unemployed12.4%9.5%
Other1.5%1.1%
2006/07In employment60.6%66.7%
In further study16.8%14.6%
In work and further study9.1%8.8%
Unemployed12.0%8.8%
Other1.5%1.1%
2007/08In employment 60.2% 65.0%
In further study 15.9% 15.0%
In work and further study 8.2% 8.1%
Unemployed 14.0% 10.8%
Other 1.7% 1.1%
2008/09 In employment 57.6% 62.7%
In further study 18.3% 16.6%
In work and further study 7.8% 7.9%
Unemployed 14.8% 11.6%
Other 1.5% 1.1%
2009/10 In employment 60.3% 65.2%
In further study 16.3% 15.0%
In work and further study 7.6% 7.7%
Unemployed 14.3% 11.0%
Other1.5%1.1%
2010/11 In employment 59.4% 64.8%
In further study 16.2% 14.6%
In work and further study 8.4% 8.4%
Unemployed 14.7% 11.1%
Other 1.4% 1.0%

Definition: Disability is self-reported. Data covers UK domiciled graduates from full-time courses. A full list of relevant qualifications and further information can be found at the Higher Education Statistics Agency website: http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2150&Itemid=161

Note: Due to corrections, figures from 2004/05 differ from those previously published.

Data Source: Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education Survey (DLHE), Higher Education Statistics Agency

Published: 14 February 2013

A13 - 16-18 year olds not in employment, education or training (NEET)

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2007. Latest figures from 2010 show that 12.3% of 16-18 year olds with learning difficulties and/or disabilities (LDD) are not in education, employment or training compared to 5.5% of young people with no learning difficulties and/or disabilities. Comparative figures from 2007 show that 13.1 per cent of young people with learning difficulties and/or disabilities (LDD) were not in employment, education or training compared to 6.2 per cent of young people with no learning difficulties or disabilities. No significance testing has been carried out as figures are based on administrative data.

  LDD No LDD
2007

13.1%

6.2%

2008

12.6%

6.4%

2009

12.4%

6.0%

2010

12.3%

5.5%

Definition: The definition of LDD given in the 2000 Learning and Skills Act; i.e. a young person has a learning difficulty and/or disability if (a) they have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of persons of their age, or (b) they have a disability which either prevents or hinders them from making use of facilities of a kind generally provided by institutions providing post-16 education or training. Around 5% of 16-18 year olds on the database have had no recent contact with local authority services and so no current activity is recorded; NEET figures are adjusted to allow for this. Furthermore, the figures may not include those educated independently or others not known to the local authority. Percentages are calculated using 3-month average figures (end November, December and January). Data covers England.

Note: Figures for 2007 and 2008 have been updated to be aligned with other NEET data.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy. For more information please refer to: http://odi.dwp.gov.uk/odi-projects/independent-living-strategy.php

Data Source: Local authority administrative data.

Published: 14 June 2012

A14 - Young people’s participation in positive activities - data no longer updated

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008. Figures from 2009 show that disabled young people were less likely to be involved in positive activities than non disabled young people. In 2009, 64 per cent of disabled young people were involved in positive activities compared to 66 per cent of non disabled young people. The percentage of non disabled young people involved in positive activities has significantly decreased since the baseline. No other figures have significantly changed since the baseline.

 DisabledNon disabled
2008 66% 69%
2009 64% 66%

Definition: Data covers young people in year 10 attending mainstream and special schools that have taken part in a group activity led by an adult outside school lessons in the past four weeks. The activities were defined as of one of the following:

  1. Sports club or class
  2. A youth centre or club to take part in organised activities
  3. Art, craft, dance, drama, film/video-making group.

Disabled respondents were defined in the survey as those young people who answered ‘Yes’ to the question ‘Do you have a disability?’ Data is for England.

Note: Comparison between years needs to be treated with caution - the 2008 data has been adjusted to account for different data collection timing (Summer opposed to Autumn term) and significance tests were calculated using a national design effect rather than a specific disability grouping effect. This indicator mirrors National Indicator No. 110.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy. For more information please refer to:

Data Source: Tellus4 Survey

Published: 19 July 2010

B1 - Employment rates

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. For the purpose of comparability with previous years the old working age definition (males 16 to 64 and females 16 to 59) has been used when presenting trends. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

The trend shows that there has consistently been an employment rate gap between disabled and non-disabled people, though it has narrowed from 33.5 per cent in 2005 to 30.3 per cent in 2009. The employment rate for non-disabled people has gone down during this period which is likely to be an impact of recession in 2008. On the contrary, the employment rates of disabled people appear to remain unaffected by recession.

In 2012, 48.9 per cent of disabled people were in employment compared to 78.0 per cent of non disabled people. Although it seems as if the employment rates for disabled people have improved over the last few years, due to the improved disability reporting since 2010, it is not possible to conclude whether this is a real increase.

Employment rates (total) for males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain

  Disabled Non-disabled Gap between disabled and non-disabled
2002 44.5% 80.7% 36.2%
2003 45.4% 80.7% 35.3%
2004 46.8% 80.5% 33.7%
2005 47.0% 80.4% 33.5%
2006 47.4% 80.2% 32.8%
2007 47.2% 80.0% 32.7%
2008 48.3% 80.0% 31.7%
2009 47.5% 77.7% 30.3%
Gap in data
2010 48.4% 77.5% 29.1%
2011 48.8% 77.5% 28.7%
2012 48.9% 78.0% 29.1%

When the employment rates are broken down by full-time and part-time, data shows that disabled people are more than twice as likely to report working full time as working part time. This pattern remained broadly stable since 2005. Both full and part time employment rates have significantly decreased for non-disabled people between 2005 and 2009 which resonates with a significant reduction in overall employment rate for this group during this period

Employment rates by full/part-time for males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain

  Disabled Full-time Disabled Part-time Non-disabled Full-time Non-disabled Part-time
2002 31.5% 13.0% 61.6% 19.1%
2003 31.9% 13.5% 61.4% 19.2%
2004 32.4% 14.3% 61.4% 19.0%
2005 33.3% 13.6% 61.6% 18.8%
2006 33.3% 14.1% 61.7% 18.4%
2007 32.8% 14.4% 61.7% 18.2%
2008 34.3% 14.0% 61.7% 18.2%
2009 32.9% 14.4% 59.3% 18.3%
Gap in data
2010 33.5% 14.8% 58.5% 18.8%
2011 33.1% 15.6% 58.9% 18.5%
2012 33.3% 15.0% 58.7% 19.0%

Figures below present the employment rates using the main definition (all aged 16-64) followed by the Office for National Statistics.  In 2012, 46.3 per cent of disabled people were in employment compared with 76.9 per cent of non-disabled people.  These rates are lower than those estimated using the former definition; partly because the employment rates for women aged 60-64 are lower than that for women below the former state pension age.

The state pension age for women is scheduled to increase gradually from 60 to 65 years between 2010 and 2020. This may lead to increasing employment rates over that period.

Employment rates (total) for all aged 16-64 in Great Britain

  Disabled Non-disabled Gap between disabled and non-disabled
2010 45.7% 76.2% 30.5%
2011 46.1% 76.2% 30.1%
2012 46.3% 76.9% 30.6%

Looking at the employment rates by full-time and part-time split for 2012 by using new definition, disabled people remain twice as likely to report working full time as working part-time and non-disabled people about three time as likely.

Employment rates (full-time/part-time split) for all aged 16-64 in Great Britain

  Full-time Disabled Part-time Disabled Full-time Non-disabled Part-time Non-disabled
2010 30.9% 14.6% 57.0% 19.1%
2011 30.5% 15.6% 57.4% 18.8%
2012 30.9% 14.9% 57.3% 19.3%

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is also used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only. Data shows that, in 2012, 46.3 per cent disabled people were in employment in England compared with 76.1 per cent of non-disabled people.  These rates are 48.9 per cent for disabled people and 77.3 per cent for non-disabled people using the old definition (males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59).

Employment rates for England only for all aged 16-64

  Disabled Non-disabled Gap between disabled and non-disabled
2010 46.3% 76.2% 29.9%
2011 46.3% 76.1% 29.8%
2012 47.1% 76.7% 29.6%

Employment Rates for England only for males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59

  Disabled Non-disabled Gap between disabled and non-disabled
2007 47.8% 79.6% 31.8%
2008 48.9% 79.8% 30.8%
2009 48.4% 77.5% 29.1%
Gap in data
2010 48.9% 77.5% 28.5%
2011 48.9% 77.3% 28.4%
2012 49.8% 77.8% 28.0%

Definition: Employment rates cover both employees and self employed people. Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) are defined as disabled. The non disabled population refers to all those not classified as DDA disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics. The Annual Population Survey also provides estimates of the employment rate of disabled people and these may vary from the Labour Force Survey results published above because they are based on a different sample of survey respondents and relate to a combined 12-month period, to enable more detailed analysis.

Published: 25 October 2012

B2 - Employment rates of disabled people, by main impairment type

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards can not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point.

The trend shows that for the disabled population, there have consistently been substantial disparities in employment outcomes between impairments. For example, the employment rates for disabled people with depression or anxiety and those with severe or specific learning disabilities have been significantly lower than the employment rates for disabled people with most other types of impairment.

Employment rates by types of impairment (total) for males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain

  2002 2002 2003 2003 2004 2004 2005 2005
  Low High Low High Low High Low High

Problems with arms or hands

39.0%

46.6%

41.8%

49.5%

42.9%

50.6%

45.7%

53.6%

Problems with legs or feet

32.2%

37.3%

36.5%

41.7%

38.1%

43.6%

38.6%

44.2%

Problems with back or neck

36.3%

40.5%

38.4%

42.8%

38.6%

43.0%

35.9%

40.5%

Difficulty in seeing

27.3%

41.9%

23.2%

37.9%

33.6%

48.9%

31.1%

47.2%

Difficulty in hearing

47.0%

63.6%

49.9%

66.1%

49.1%

66.3%

50.2%

69.4%

Severe disfigurement, skin conditions, allergies

65.4%

79.5%

63.5%

76.7%

56.7%

71.8%

59.9%

74.8%

Chest or breathing problems, asthma, bronchitis

60.7%

65.5%

59.8%

64.8%

60.1%

65.3%

62.0%

67.3%

Heart, blood pressure, circulation

47.1%

52.0%

50.0%

55.1%

53.7%

58.7%

54.4%

59.4%

Stomach, liver, kidney, digestive problems

49.5%

57.6%

44.4%

52.5%

50.6%

58.8%

50.9%

58.9%

Diabetes

61.9%

69.0%

62.2%

69.3%

64.4%

71.1%

62.7%

69.5%

Depression, bad nerves or anxiety

20.1%

26.0%

18.9%

24.5%

17.9%

23.4%

20.2%

26.0%

Epilepsy

39.4%

50.9%

35.9%

48.2%

28.8%

40.7%

43.2%

55.6%

Severe or specific learning difficulties

8.7%

17.4%

12.5%

22.4%

15.5%

26.1%

13.0%

22.4%

Mental illness, phobia, panics, nervous disorders

8.5%

14.7%

8.1%

14.6%

9.1%

15.8%

6.4%

12.1%

Progressive illness not included elsewhere

34.8%

42.2%

37.3%

45.1%

40.0%

47.6%

39.8%

47.3%

Other health problems or disabilities

50.2%

56.3%

48.7%

55.0%

50.7%

57.0%

51.1%

57.3%

 

  2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009
  Low High Low High Low High Low High

Problems with arms or hands

41.9%

49.7%

45.2%

52.8%

42.5%

50.4%

42.1%

50.2%

Problems with legs or feet

37.1%

42.6%

39.5%

45.2%

38.9%

44.7%

38.3%

44.2%

Problems with back or neck

40.1%

44.8%

39.0%

43.9%

40.6%

45.6%

40.4%

45.6%

Difficulty in seeing

30.1%

45.4%

39.0%

54.9%

38.9%

54.4%

32.1%

47.3%

Difficulty in hearing

51.0%

68.2%

48.7%

66.0%

49.0%

67.3%

50.0%

69.2%

Severe disfigurement, skin conditions, allergies

62.8%

78.7%

52.7%

69.0%

63.7%

78.0%

58.0%

75.4%

Chest or breathing problems, asthma, bronchitis

61.3%

66.5%

60.3%

65.7%

60.4%

65.8%

60.2%

65.9%

Heart, blood pressure, circulation

55.7%

60.9%

57.0%

62.2%

57.0%

62.2%

54.2%

59.8%

Stomach, liver, kidney, digestive problems

56.0%

63.7%

47.0%

55.2%

53.6%

61.8%

52.8%

61.4%

Diabetes

65.3%

71.9%

62.8%

69.8%

68.6%

75.0%

64.5%

71.1%

Depression, bad nerves or anxiety

20.0%

25.8%

20.8%

26.7%

23.0%

29.0%

22.3%

28.3%

Epilepsy

34.9%

47.1%

30.9%

43.9%

35.3%

47.4%

37.9%

51.3%

Severe or specific learning difficulties

9.0%

18.1%

10.2%

19.8%

14.4%

24.6%

15.0%

24.6%

Mental illness, phobia, panics, nervous disorders

7.8%

14.0%

8.2%

14.0%

9.5%

15.5%

10.1%

16.3%

Progressive illness not included elsewhere

33.8%

41.2%

39.9%

47.2%

38.1%

45.8%

42.5%

50.2%

Other health problems or disabilities

51.8%

58.0%

50.8%

56.8%

51.3%

57.6%

51.5%

57.7%

 

  2010 2010 2011 2011 2012 2012
  Low High Low High Low High

Problems with arms or hands

43.4%

51.7%

47.2%

55.8%

43.2%

52.0%

Problems with legs or feet

40.3%

46.3%

40.3%

46.2%

44.4%

50.5%

Problems with back or neck

41.8%

46.9%

42.4%

47.6%

44.7%

50.1%

Difficulty in seeing

33.9%

51.2%

31.1%

48.6%

39.9%

55.5%

Difficulty in hearing

35.6%

55.5%

44.8%

64.2%

38.6%

57.6%

Severe disfigurement, skin conditions, allergies

59.6%

74.2%

64.0%

80.0%

51.6%

69.4%

Chest or breathing problems, asthma, bronchitis

59.8%

65.1%

57.9%

63.8%

57.9%

63.9%

Heart, blood pressure, circulation

56.5%

62.0%

59.8%

65.6%

59.1%

65.0%

Stomach, liver, kidney, digestive problems

56.3%

64.2%

55.4%

63.8%

54.9%

62.8%

Diabetes

63.9%

70.5%

63.2%

70.1%

62.5%

69.7%

Depression, bad nerves or anxiety

28.0%

34.3%

24.8%

31.1%

30.4%

36.6%

Epilepsy

36.0%

48.9%

31.7%

44.6%

30.9%

43.7%

Severe or specific learning difficulties

10.1%

19.0%

7.7%

16.7%

5.8%

14.1%

Mental illness, phobia, panics, nervous disorders

12.9%

19.3%

11.5%

17.7%

11.2%

17.2%

Progressive illness not included elsewhere

40.2%

47.8%

44.5%

52.1%

41.7%

49.1%

Other health problems or disabilities

49.4%

55.3%

55.2%

61.2%

54.1%

59.9%

95 per cent confidence intervals of disabled people’s employment rates by types of impairment (total) for all aged 16-64 in Great Britain

  2011 2011 2012 2012
  Low High Low High

Problems with arms or hands

41.7%

49.4%

39.2%

47.1%

Problems with legs or feet

37.4%

42.8%

41.5%

47.0%

Problems with back or neck

39.8%

44.6%

41.7%

46.8%

Difficulty in seeing

29.0%

45.1%

37.6%

52.4%

Difficulty in hearing

44.2%

62.7%

38.4%

56.7%

Severe disfigurement, skin conditions, allergies

64.3%

80.0%

49.5%

66.9%

Chest or breathing problems, asthma, bronchitis

54.4%

60.0%

54.8%

60.5%

Heart, blood pressure, circulation

55.8%

61.3%

54.9%

60.4%

Stomach, liver, kidney, digestive problems

52.5%

60.5%

52.3%

59.9%

Diabetes

58.6%

65.3%

57.7%

64.6%

Depression, bad nerves or anxiety

24.6%

30.6%

29.6%

35.6%

Epilepsy

31.6%

44.4%

30.4%

43.1%

Severe or specific learning difficulties

7.6%

16.4%

5.7%

14.0%

Mental illness, phobia, panics, nervous disorders

11.2%

17.3%

11.0%

16.8%

Progressive illness not included elsewhere

41.0%

48.0%

38.8%

45.6%

Other health problems or disabilities

52.4%

58.0%

51.3%

56.9%

Definition: Employment rates cover both employees and self employed people. Respondents who experience multiple difficulties are asked to identify their main impairment.

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) are defined as disabled. The non disabled population refers to all those not classified as DDA disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: The estimates are based on relatively small sample sizes and are presented as ranges which are confidence intervals at 95 per cent level. The larger is the confidence interval; greater will be the uncertainty around true value of the employment rate estimates.

Estimates use the latest weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B3 - Economic activity

Baseline and Trends:  Baseline year – 2005.  For the purpose of comparability with previous years the old working age definition (males 16 to 64 and females 16 to 59) has been used when presenting trends. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

Disabled people compared to non disabled people, have consistently been significantly less likely to be an employee or self employed, more likely to be unemployed and nearly three times as likely to be inactive. However, the proportion of disabled people who are inactive significantly declined from 49.5 per cent in 2005 to 47.2 per cent in 2009 and increased for those who are unemployed during this period.

    Employee Self Employed ILO Unemployed Inactive
2002 DDA Disabled 38.8%5.7% 6.9% 52.2%
Non-disabled 71.7% 9.0% 4.7% 15.3%
2003DDA Disabled 39.2% 6.2% 7.3% 51.0%
Non-disabled 71.1% 9.6% 4.5% 15.5%
2004DDA Disabled 40.2% 6.6% 6.4% 50.0%
Non-disabled 70.8% 9.7% 4.5% 15.7%
2005DDA Disabled 40.8% 6.2% 7.1% 49.4%
Non-disabled 71.0% 9.5% 4.3% 15.9%
2006DDA Disabled 40.7% 6.8% 8.4% 48.2%
Non-disabled 70.7% 9.5% 5.0% 15.5%
2007DDA Disabled 40.7% 6.5% 8.4%48.4%
Non-disabled 70.3% 9.7% 4.9% 15.9%
2008DDA Disabled 41.6% 6.7%8.6% 47.1%
Non-disabled 70.3% 9.8% 5.0% 15.8%
2009 DDA Disabled 40.9% 6.6% 10.1% 47.2%
Non-disabled 68.1% 9.7% 7.5% 16.0%
Figures across this gap are not directly comparable
2010 DDA Disabled 41.5% 6.9% 11.1% 45.6%
Non-disabled 67.9% 9.6% 7.5% 16.2%
2011 DDA Disabled 41.6% 7.2% 10.9% 45.2%
Non-disabled 67.9% 9.5% 7.6% 16.2%
2012 DDA Disabled 41.6% 7.3% 11.8% 44.6%
Non-disabled 67.9% 10.2% 7.5% 15.7%

Definition: The data covers all males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain.  Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: In accordance with the Office for National Statistics (ONS) definition of unemployment, the ‘ILO unemployed’ category represents the following people:

The unemployment rate is calculated as a percentage of the economically active population (males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59), as opposed to the whole population of that age. As a result, the sum of all of the categories will be greater than 100 per cent.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B4 - Individuals in high-level employment

Baseline and Trends:  Baseline year – 2005. For the purpose of comparability with previous years the old working age definition (males 16 to 64 and females 16 to 59) has been used when presenting trends. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

The trend shows that disabled people have consistently been significantly less likely to be in high-level employment compared to non-disabled people. In 2012, 49.4 per cent of disabled people in work reported that they were in high-level employment compared to 55.5 per cent of non-disabled people in work. The percentage of working non- disabled people in high-level employment significantly increased between 2005 and 2009. Although the proportion of working disabled people in high level employment also increased during this period, the change was not statistically significant.

YearDisabled (%)Non-disabled (%)
2002

46.3%

52.2%

2003

48.0%

53.0%

2004

47.9%

53.6%

2005

48.7%

53.8%

2006

47.7%

54.7%

2007

48.8%

55.0%

2008

48.4%

55.5%

2009

49.7%

55.8%

Gap in data
2010

50.2%

56.4%

2011

49.6%

55.2%

2012

49.4%

55.5%

Definition: The data covers all males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain who report they are in employment (including self employment).  High-level employment is considered to include those who report to be managers or senior officials, in professional occupations, are associate professionals or technical professionals, or work in skilled trade occupations. 

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B5 - Individuals who have never worked

Baseline and Trends:  Baseline year – 2005. For the purpose of comparability with previous years the old working age definition (males 16 to 64 and females 16 to 59) has been used when presenting trends. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

Between 2005 and 2009, the percentage of both disabled and non disabled people who have never worked (apart from casual or holiday work), significantly increased.

Proportion of Individuals who have never worked

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gap in data 2010 2011 2012
DDA Disabled 7.0% 7.0% 7.4% 7.8% 7.9% 8.7% 8.3% 9.1%   9.2% 9.1% 9.1%
Not disabled 6.2% 6.5% 6.8% 7.3% 7.4% 7.9% 7.9% 8.3%   8.9% 9.1% 8.9%

Definition: The data covers all non-working males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain who report they have never worked.  

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Figures have been calculated taking those who are either currently ILO unemployed or inactive, and that have said they have never had a paid job. This has then been expressed as a percentage of the working age population.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Published: 25 October 2012

B6 - Individuals in work who would like to work more hours

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. For the purpose of comparability with previous years the old working age definition (males 16 to 64 and females 16 to 59) has been used when presenting trends. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

The proportion of both disabled and non disabled people in work, that would like to work more hours, significantly increased from the baseline to 2009.

In 2012, 12.9 per cent of disabled people reported that they would like to work more hours compared to 10.9 per cent of non disabled people.

  DDA Disabled Not disabled
20028.1% 7.2%
20037.5% 7.0%
20046.9%6.7%
20058.3% 7.0%
20068.3%7.0%
20077.9%7.2%
20089.2%7.6%
2009 11.4% 9.6%
Gap in data
2010 10.5% 10.2%
2011 11.1% 10.2%
2012 12.9% 10.9%

Definition: The data covers all males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain who report they are in employment (including self employment) and would like to work more hours at the basic rate of pay. Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B7 - Hourly wage rates

Baseline and Trends:  Baseline – 2005. Figures are not adjusted for inflation and therefore, are not directly comparable overtime.  Also, direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

In 2012, the mean hourly wage rate of disabled people was £12.15, while that of non disabled people was greater at £13.25.  This is a statistically significant gap.

Mean hourly wage rates (Nominal)

Year DDA disabled Not disabled
2002 £8.72 £9.76
2003 £9.20 £10.06
2004 £9.54 £10.67
2005 £9.80 £10.94
2006 £10.39 £11.37
2007 £10.60 £11.97
2008 £11.31 £12.23
2009 £11.67 £12.73
Gap in data
2010 £12.23 £12.95
2011 £11.94 £13.14
2012 £12.15 £13.25

Definition: The data covers all males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain who report they are in employment and their [self reported] wage rate. Data includes overtime, but excludes those in self-employment, government employment, training programmes, unpaid family workers and income from second jobs.

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B8 - Highest educational qualifications

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Direct comparisons with estimates from 2010 onwards should not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point. Any differences reported as significant are statistically significant at 95 per cent level.

Between 2005 and 2009, the percentage of individuals with no qualification significantly decreased for both disabled and non-disabled people; 23.1 per cent of disabled people were with no qualification in 2009 compared with 26.7 per cent in 2005.

The percentage of individuals with degree level qualifications significantly increased between 2005 and 2009 for both disabled and non-disabled people.  For level two qualifications, again the outcome for disabled people improved during this period (14.3 percent in 2009 compared to 12.7 per cent in 2005). 

However, disabled people remain more than twice as likely to have no qualification and half as likely to have a degree level qualification as non disabled people.

No qualifications

  2003 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gap in data 2010 2011 2012
Disabled 29.9% 28.4% 28.5% 26.7% 26.4% 26.0% 24.3% 23.1%   20.5% 20.4% 19.2%
Non-disabled 12.8% 12.2% 11.8% 11.2% 10.6% 10.4% 9.8% 9.2%   7.8% 7.3% 6.5%

Level 2 qualifications

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gap in data 2010 2011 2012
Disabled 11.7% 11.5% 11.6% 12.7% 13.2% 12.4% 13.5% 14.3%   14.7% 15.7% 15.6%
Non-disabled 15.8% 15.9% 15.6% 16.4% 16.5% 16.4% 16.5% 16.9%   16.6% 17.7% 17.5%

Degree-level qualifications

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Gap in data 2010 2011 2012
Disabled 8.2% 8.4% 9.7% 9.9% 10.8% 11.2% 11.4% 12.7%   13.4% 14.5% 14.9%
Non-disabled 17.4% 18.0% 19.0% 19.6% 20.7% 21.5% 22.1% 23.2%   24.8% 26.8% 28.1%

Definition: The data covers all males aged 16-64 and females aged 16-59 in Great Britain.  Educational qualifications/levels reported here are intended as the highest qualification/level held. Level 2 qualifications equate to A*-C GCSE grades or their equivalent.

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

B9 - Individuals not in work who would like to work

Baseline and Trends:  Figures are calculated using the main age definition (all aged 16-64) followed by the Office for National Statistics.  The data is presented for 2010 onwards only because direct comparisons of estimates with previous years can not be made, due to an improvement in the way people report disability from this point.

Figures show that more than one third of disabled people who are not in work would like to work. However, they are less likely than their non-disabled peers to report this.  In 2012, 37.4 per cent of disabled people reported that they would like to work compared to 44.8 per cent of non-disabled people.

Non-working people aged 16-64 in Great Britain who would like to work

  2010 2011 2012
Disabled 34.7% 35.1% 37.4%
Non-disabled 43.7% 42.9% 44.8%

Definition: The data covers all aged 16-64 in Great Britain who report not being in work (including both unemployed and inactive).

Respondents who report a current disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act are defined as disabled. From 1 October 2010, provisions in the Equality Act 2010 replaced the majority of provisions in the DDA.

Note: Previously published Labour Force Survey figures have been updated to reflect changes to weighting variables, in line with the latest population estimates published by Office for National Statistics.

Data Source: Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2

Published: 25 October 2012

C1 - Children living in low income

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05.

This indicator has three components, the percentage of children living in families with:

  1. a disabled member,
  2. disabled children, regardless of adult disability, and
  3. no disabled members.

Changes since the baseline

Before Housing Costs, there have been statistically significant decreases in the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

After Housing Costs, the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

Changes since 2010/11

Before Housing Costs, there have been no statistically significant changes, but the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

After Housing Costs there have been no statistically significant changes, but overall the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, the proportion of children in low income is significantly higher in families where at least one member is disabled than in families where no-one is disabled

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there is no significant difference in the proportion of children in low income where at least one child is disabled and families where no-one is disabled.

Children living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

Children living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income.

 2002/032003/042004/052005/062006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 29%27%29%28%30% 32% 29% 25% 22% 21%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 25%23%25%22%27% 29% 28% 19% 18% 19%
Children in families where no one is disabled 21%21%19%20%20% 20% 20% 18% 16% 16%

Children living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income After Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

 2002/032003/042004/052005/062006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 37%36%38%37%38% 41% 39% 36% 33% 32%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 32%31%32%30%34% 38% 37% 29% 28% 29%
Children in families where no one is disabled 28%26%26%27%28% 28% 28% 27% 25% 25%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2011/12.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only and has not been updated and uses the original 2008/09 HBAI dataset. Data for England shows that in 2008/09 on a Before Housing Cost basis, 20 per cent of children in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty compared to 29 per cent of children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability and 29 per cent of children in families where at least one member is disabled. On an After Housing Cost basis, 28 per cent of children in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty compared to 38 per cent of children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability and 40 per cent of children in families where at least one member is disabled. On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been no statistically significant changes since 2007/08 ILS baseline registered through this indicator.

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases:

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2008/09.

Published: 13 June 2013

C2 - Children living in low income and material deprivation

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation has decreased since the baseline year for each type of family. The lowest proportion of children living in low income and material deprivation are in families where no-one is disabled. A higher proportion of children in families with any disabled member live in low income and material deprivation than children in families with disabled children, regardless of adult disability.

Children living in low income and material deprivation, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

  2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 Gap in datas 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 28% 26% 25% 28% 27% 24%   21% 19%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 25% 21% 23% 26% 26% 20%   20% 15%
Children in families where no one is disabled 14% 13% 13% 14% 14% 13%   10% 10%

Note: Four new questions about additional material deprivation items for children were introduced into the 2010/11 Family Resources Survey and from 2011/12 four questions from the original suite were removed. Figures from the old and new suite of
questions are not comparable.

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Asct which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.

A child is considered to be living in low income and material deprivation if they live in a family that has a material deprivation score of 25 or more and a household income below 70 per cent contemporary median income, Before Housing Costs, see Households Below Average Income for further details http://statistics.dwp.gov.uk/asd/index.php?page=hbais

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2011/13.

Published: 13 June 2013

C3 - Individuals living in low income

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05.

Changes since the baseline
On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been statistically significant decreases in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where at least one member is disabled from 23 per cent to 19 per cent, and from 25 per cent to 24 per cent respectively.  There has been a statistically significant increase in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where no-one is disabled After Housing Costs from 19 per cent to 20 per cent (no statistically significant change Before Housing Costs).

Changes since 2010/11
Before Housing Costs, the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where at least one member is disabled has decreased from 20 per cent to 19 per cent, although this is not a statistically significant decrease. The percentage of individuals living in families with no disabled members has remained stable at 15 per cent. There have been no statistically significant changes in either group After Housing Costs.

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, a higher proportion of individuals living in families with at least one disabled member live in low income, compared to individuals living in families with no disabled members.

Individuals living in households with income below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income:

Individuals living in households with income below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

  2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Individuals in families where at least one member is disabled 23% 22% 23% 22% 24% 25% 22% 20% 20% 19%
Individuals in families where no one is disabled 16% 16% 15% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 15% 15%

Individuals living in households with income below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income After Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

  2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Individuals in families where at least one member is disabled 28% 26% 25% 25% 27% 28% 26% 25% 24% 24%
Individuals in families where no one is disabled 20% 20% 19% 20% 20% 20% 21% 21% 20% 20%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey).

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2011/12.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only and has not been updated and uses the original 2008/09 HBAI dataset. Data for England shows that in 2008/09 on a Before Housing Cost basis, 16 per cent of individuals in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty, compared to 22 per cent of individuals in families where at least one member is disabled. On an After Housing Cost basis, 21 per cent of individuals in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty, compared to 26 per cent of individuals in families where at least one member is disabled.

Both Before and After Housing Costs, there has been a statistically significant decrease in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where at least one member is disabled since 2007/08 ILS baseline, compared to no statistically significant change in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where no member is disabled.

Both Before and After Housing Costs, a higher proportion of individuals living in families with at least one disabled member live in low income, compared to individuals living in families with no disabled members. This gap is statistically significant.

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2008/09.

Published: 13 June 2013

Illustrative measures of living standards, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

Standard measures of income poverty do not take any account of additional costs associated with disability, which is likely to mean that the position of disabled people in the income distribution may be somewhat upwardly biased.  Whilst it is recognised that there are additional costs associated with disability, research shows that these vary greatly in level and nature, and there is no general agreement on how to measure these costs. The combined low income and material deprivation indicator allows a fuller assessment of the living standards of those households facing particular difficulties due to high living costs, including those associated with disability.

The following measures exclude Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income, as these are benefits paid as a contribution towards the extra costs of disability. This has the effect of increasing the percentage of families with disabled members shown as living in poverty.

Children living in low income

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05.

Changes since the baseline
Before Housing Costs, there have been statistically significant decreases in the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

After Housing Costs, there have been statistically significant decreases in the percentage of children living in low income in families where:

Changes since 2010/11
On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been no statistically significant changes between 2010/11 and 2011/12.

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, the proportion of children in low income is significantly higher in families where:

at least one child is disabled than in families where no one is disabled.

Children living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

 2002/032003/042004/052005/062006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 31% 30% 32% 30% 32% 35% 31% 26% 23% 22%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 28% 26% 28% 24% 29% 32% 31% 21% 19% 22%
Children in families where no one is disabled 19% 19% 18% 19% 19% 18% 18% 17% 15% 15%

Children living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income After Housing Costs, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

 2002/032003/042004/052005/062006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 40% 39% 41% 39% 40% 45% 41% 38% 37% 34%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 38% 35% 37% 33% 37% 42% 41% 34% 33% 31%
Children in families where no one is disabled 26% 26% 25% 26% 27% 27% 26% 25% 24% 23%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only and has not been updated and uses the original 2008/09 HBAI dataset. Data for England shows that in 2008/09 on a Before Housing Cost basis, 18 per cent of children in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty compared to 31 per cent of children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability and 31 per cent of children in families where at least one member is disabled. On an After Housing Cost basis, 27 per cent of children in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty compared to 42 per cent of children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability and 42 per cent of children in families where at least one member is disabled. On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been no statistically significant changes since 2007/08 ILS baseline registered through this indicator.

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases:

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2008/09

Children living in low income and material deprivation

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation has decreased since the baseline year for each type of family. The lowest proportion of children living in low income and material deprivation live in families where no one is disabled. The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation is lower for children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability than for children in families where at least one member is disabled.

Children living in low income and material deprivation

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation has decreased since the baseline year for each type of family. The lowest proportion of children living in low income and material deprivation live in families where no one is disabled. The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation is lower for children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability than for children in families where at least one member is disabled.

Children living in low income and material deprivation, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

  2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 Gap in data 2010/11 2011/12
Children in families where at least one member is disabled 30% 27% 27% 30% 29% 25%   22% 20%
Children in families with disabled children regardless of adult disability 27% 23% 25% 28% 29% 23%   23% 17%
Children in families where no one is disabled 13% 13% 12% 13% 14% 13%   9% 9%

Note: Four new questions about additional material deprivation items for children were introduced into the 2010/11 Family Resources Survey and from 2011/12 four questions from the original suite were removed. Figures from the old and new suite of
questions are not comparable.

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.
A child is considered to be living in low income and material deprivation if they live in a family that has a material deprivation score of 25 or more and a household income below 70 per cent contemporary median income, Before Housing Costs, see Households Below Average Income for further details (http://research.dwp.gov.uk/asd/hbai.asp).
Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2011/12.

Individuals living in low income

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05.

Changes since the baseline
On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been statistically significant decreases in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where at least one member is disabled, from 28 per cent to 22 per cent and from 31 percent to 28 per cent respectively. There have been no statistically significant changes in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where no one is disabled.

Changes since 2010/11
On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, there have been no statistically significant changes between 2010/11 and 2011/12.

On both Before and After Housing Costs bases, a significantly higher proportion of individuals living in families with at least one disabled member live in low income, compared to individuals living in families with no disabled members.

Individuals living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

Individuals living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income Before Housing Costs, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

  2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Individuals in families where at least one member is disabled 28% 28% 28% 26% 29% 30% 27% 24% 23% 22%
Individuals in families where no one is disabled 15% 15% 14% 15% 15% 15% 16% 15% 14% 14%

Individuals living in households with incomes below 60 per cent of median equivalised household income After Housing Costs, excluding Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance from income

  2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Individuals in families where at least one member is disabled 33% 32% 31% 30% 32% 33% 30% 29% 29% 28%
Individuals in families where no one is disabled 19% 19% 18% 19% 20% 20% 20% 20% 19% 19%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2011/12.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only and has not been updated and uses the original 2008/09 HBAI dataset. Data for England shows that in 2008/09 on a Before Housing Cost basis, 16 per cent of individuals in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty, compared to 27 per cent of individuals in families where at least one member is disabled. On an After Housing Cost basis, 20 per cent of individuals in families where no one is disabled were living in income poverty, compared to 30 per cent of individuals in families where at least one member is disabled.

Both Before and After Housing Costs, there has been a statistically significant decrease in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where at least one member is disabled since 2007/08 ILS baseline, compared to no statistically significant change in the percentage of individuals living in low income in families where no member is disabled.

Both Before and After Housing Costs, a higher proportion of individuals living in families with at least one disabled member live in low income, compared to individuals living in families with no disabled members. This gap is statistically significant.

Data Source: Family Resources Survey 2008/09.

Published: 13 June 2013

C4 - Households living in fuel poverty

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures for England from 2010 show that 20 per cent of households including a disabled person live in fuel poverty, compared to 15 per cent of households with no disabled person. Between 2005 and 2010, the percentage of households living in fuel poverty has:

Statistical significance tests have not been applied due to the complex nature of the sampling methodology used in the survey.

 DisabledNon disabled
20048.4%4.9%
20059.8%6.2%
200614.8%10.1%
2007 16.6% 11.7%
2008 20.3% 13.6%
2009 23.6% 16.3%
2010 20% 15%

Definition: Households affected by disability are defined as households containing at least one respondent who reports a long term disability, illness or infirmity that limits their activities. A household is defined as fuel poor if it needs to spend more than 10% of household income on fuel to maintain a satisfactory heating regime (usually 21°C for the main living area and 18°C for other occupied rooms). Data is for England.

For more information about the fuel poverty statistics please see:
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/fuelpov_stats/fuelpov_stats.aspx

For information on fuel poverty policies, see:
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/what_we_do/consumers/fuel_poverty/fuel_poverty.aspx
 
Data Source: DECC fuel poverty data/DCLG English Housing Survey

Published: 14 February 2013

C5 - Individuals living in persistent poverty

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2002-05. Figures from 2005-08 show that disabled adults are more likely to live in persistent poverty than non-disabled adults. Before Housing Costs, figures from 2005-08 show that 12 per cent of disabled adults were living in persistent poverty, compared to 6 per cent of non-disabled adults. After Housing Costs, 11 per cent of disabled adults were living in persistent poverty, compared to 7 per cent of non-disabled adults.

Before Housing Costs, the proportions of both disabled and non-disabled adults living in persistent poverty have not changed since the baseline. Similarly, on an After Housing Cost basis, the proportion of non-disabled adults has not changed since the baseline. After Housing Costs, there has been a small decrease from the baseline in the proportion of disabled adults living in persistent poverty from 12 per cent to 11 per cent. Our current significance testing methodology does not cover this type of statistic.

Adults living in persistent poverty Before Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

 1999-022000-032001-042002-052003-062004-07 2005-08
Disabled13%15%13%12%12%11% 12%
Non-disabled7%7%6%6%6%5% 6%

Adults living in persistent poverty After Housing Costs, including Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance in income

 1999-022000-032001-042002-052003-062004-07 2005-08
Disabled14%16%14%12%10%10% 11%
Non-disabled8%7%7%7%7%6% 7%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, disability or infirmity. Everyone in this group is likely to meet the definition of disability in the Equality Act 2010 (and the Disability Discrimination Act which was in force at the time of the survey). Data is for United Kingdom.

Data Source: British Household Panel Survey 1999-2008.

Published: 14 June 2012

D1 - Unfair Treatment at work

Baseline and Trends: Baseline – 2005. Figures from 2008 show that disabled people were significantly more likely to experience unfair treatment at work than non disabled people. In 2008, 19 per cent of disabled people experienced unfair treatment at work compared to 13 per cent of non disabled people. These figures cannot be compared to the 2005 baseline for the reasons outlined below.

 DisabledNon disabled
200515.1%6.0%
 DisabledNon disabled
2008 19% 13%

Definition: Changes to the sampling collection method prevent significance testing from being carried out between years. In addition, the definition of unfair treatment at work has also changed between years. In 2005, unfair treatment related to a respondent’s experience of unfair treatment, with their current or most recent employer, within the previous two years as a result of their age, gender, disability, etc.

The full list can be found in the 2005 Fair Treatment at Work report (page 19). In 2008, unfair treatment refers to a respondent being treated unfairly compared to others in the workplace. It also includes experience of unfair treatment with a previous employer in the last two years. Further details can be found in the 2008 Fair Treatment at Work report (page 64). Respondents who identify having a long-term illness, health problem or disability are defined as disabled. Data is for Great Britain.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only. Data for England only shows a similar result; disabled people in England were significantly more likely to experience unfair treatment at work than non disabled people. In 2008, 20 per cent of disabled people experienced unfair treatment at work compared to 13 per cent of non disabled people.

Data Source: Fair Treatment at Work Survey

Published: 08 December 2009

D2 - The awareness of the DDA of the general population

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. In 2011 67 per cent of the general population were aware of the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) and/or the Equality Act (EA).

  Percentage of population
2005 73%
2006 73%
2007 72%
2008 75%
2009 72%
2010 71%
2011 67%

*The question in the Opinions Survey was changed in July 2011, to include awareness of the EA.

Definition: The ONS Opinions Survey selects a random sample of individuals aged 16 years and over living in private households in Great Britain.  Data aggregates the 8 waves of the survey run in each year.

This indicator looks at awareness of the DDA and, from 2011, awareness of the DDA and/or the EA, in the general survey population without being prompted of their aims/coverage. 

In July 2011 the question in the Opinions Survey changed to reflect the introduction of the EA. Sample sizes are smaller in 2011 as the new question was only run for 4 waves (rather than the usual 8).

Data Source: ONS Opinions Survey

Published: 12 July 2012

D3 - Fair treatment by local public services - data no longer updated

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008. Figures from 2008 show that 71 per cent of disabled people believe that they have been treated with respect and consideration by their local public services compared to 73 per cent of non disabled people.

 DisabledNon disabled
2008 71% 73%

Definition: The figures above reflect the percentage of respondents who feel that they have been treated with respect and consideration by their local public services. Disabled respondents are defined as those respondents who say they have any long standing illness, disability or infirmity (long standing means anything that has troubled you over a period of time or that is likely to affect you over a period of time). Data is for England.

The Place Survey is designed to be carried out by local authorities to collect information about local resident’s perceptions of their local area and the local services they receive. It is a postal (self-completion) survey. Postal surveys, whereby the respondent completes the questionnaire without assistance from a survey interviewer, are much less costly to carry out compared with face-to-face surveys. However, postal surveys can present greater challenges in terms of accurately measuring the views of particularly hard-to-reach groups, such as disabled residents.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy. For more information please refer to the Independent Living pages.

Data Source: Place Survey

Published: 19 July 2010

E1 - Volunteering

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures from 2010-11 show that there is no significant difference between the proportions of disabled and non disabled people who engage in volunteering. In 2010-11, 23 per cent of disabled people engaged in formal volunteering at least once a month compared with 25 per cent of non disabled people, whilst 31 per cent of disabled people engaged in informal volunteering at least once a month compared with 28 per cent of non disabled people. Participation rates for both formal and informal volunteering of non disabled people have significantly decreased since the baseline. Participation rates for informal volunteering for disabled have significantly decreased since the baseline. No other figures have significantly changed since the baseline.

E1 - Volunteering (Regular Formal Volunteering)

 DisabledNon disabled
200123%28%
200323%29%
200523%30%
2007/0822%28%
2008/09 21% 27%
2009/10 22% 26%
2010/11 23% 25%

E1 - Volunteering (Regular Informal Volunteering)

 DisabledNon disabled
200133%34%
200335%38%
200535%37%
2007/0833%36%
2008/09 36% 35%
2009/10 28% 30%
2010/11 31% 28%

Definition: Disability is defined as having a long standing illness or disability that limits activity. Data is for adults (aged 16 or over) only. Informal volunteering is defined as giving help or support to someone who is not a relative and formal volunteering is defined as giving unpaid help to groups, clubs or organisations. Data covers England.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, for which the baseline is 2007/08.

Data Source: Citizenship Survey

Published: 14 June 2012

E2 - Civic involvement

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures from 2010-11 show no significance difference between the proportions of disabled and non-disabled people who were engaged in civic involvement . In 2010-11, 57 per cent of non disabled people undertook at least one activity of civic involvement in the last 12 months compared with 55 per cent of disabled people. The percentage of non disabled people engaged in civic involvement has significantly decreased since the baseline. No other figures have significantly changed since the baseline.

Civic involvement includes formal volunteering, civic activism, civic participation and civic consultation. Please see definition section for further details.

Civic Involvement

 DisabledNon disabled
2005 58% 66%
2007/08 58% 64%
2008/09 60% 62%
2009/10 55% 60%
2010/11 55% 57%

Civic participation, consultation and activism

Disaggregated by activity, figures from 2010-11 show that disabled people were more likely to have been involved in civic participation and just as likely to have been involved in civic consultation and civic activism compared to non disabled people.

In 2010-11, 36 per cent of disabled people were engaged in civic participation compared with 33 per cent of non disabled people. In the same period, 17 per cent of both disabled and non-disabled people were involved in civic consultation. 10 per cent of disabled people and 9 per cent of non-disabled people were involved in civic activism. The percentage of non disabled people involved in civic participation and civic consultation has significantly decreased since the baseline. No other figures have significantly changed since the baseline.

  2005 2006/7 2008/9
  Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled
Civic participation 38% 38% 38% 39% 42% 37%
Civic consultation 20% 20% 21% 21% 20% 20%
Civic activism 8% 9% 10% 10% 10% 10%
  2009/10 2010/11
  Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled
Civic participation 35% 34% 36% 33%
Civic consultation 19% 18% 17% 17%
Civic activism 10% 10% 10% 9%

Definition: Disability is defined as having a long standing illness or disability that limits activity. Data covers England and includes adults only (aged 16 or over). Civic involvement is defined by an individual reporting that they had undertaken at least one of the activities below in the past 12 months:

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): The civic participation sub-indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, for which the baseline is 2007/08.

Data Source: Citizenship Survey

Published: 14 June 2012

E3 - Participation in cultural, leisure and sporting activities

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year 2005/06. Figures from 2011/12 show that disabled people remain significantly less likely to participate in all cultural, leisure and sporting activities than non disabled people. Such activities include:

A breakdown of participation in culture, leisure and sporting activities by sector reveals significant changes between both disabled and non-disabled people from the baseline year (2005/06).

Compared with the 2005/06 baseline, disabled and non-disabled people are significantly less likely to have attended a library.

Compared with the 2005/06 baseline, disabled and non-disabled people are significantly more likely to have:

In addition, non-disabled people are significantly more likely to have:

  2005/06 2006/07 2007/08
  Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled
Arts attendance 24.1% 36.3% 24.2% 35.4% 25.1% 36.7%
Arts participation 18.9% 25.6% 19.8% 23.7% 18.7% 23.6%
Engagement with the arts 69.8% 79.0% 69.6% 78.5% 69.6% 79.5%
Moderate-intensity level sport 37.2% 60.4% 36.5% 60.2% 36.0% 60.3%
Cinema 32.6% 57.7% 32.0% 57.3% 30.5% 57.1%
Libraries 43.8% 50.0% 41.5% 48.0% 42.4% 46.0%
Historic environment sites 63.9% 72.3% 64.4% 71.2% 65.4% 73.3%
Museums and galleries 36.1% 44.7% 34.9% 44.1% 36.7% 46.1%
  2008/09 2009/10 2010/11
  Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled Disabled Non disabled
Arts attendance N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Arts participation N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Engagement with the arts 69.2% 78.2% 68.6% 78.3% 69.7% 78.9%
Moderate-intensity level sport 36.1% 59.8% 33.6% 60.7% 35.4% 60.0%
Cinema 33.7% 55.7% 34.5% 57.5% 36.5% 59.7%
Libraries 38.4% 42.1% 36.8% 40.4% 38.5% 40.1%
Historic environment sites 61.9% 71.0% 62.2% 72.5% 65.6% 72.7%
Museums and galleries 37.7% 47.1% 39.2% 49.5% 40.0% 48.8%
  2011/12
  Disabled Non disabled
Arts attendance N/A N/A
Arts participation N/A N/A
Engagement with the arts 71.8% 80.7%
Moderate-intensity level sport 36.9% 62.5%
Cinema 35.3% 62.9%
Libraries 37.9% 39.2%
Historic environment sites 67.0% 77.1%
Museums and galleries 41.3% 51.9%

 

 

Definition: Disability is defined as having any long-standing illness, disability or infirmity that limits activity in any way. Data covers England. Definitions of participation are as follows:

As of 2008/09, the Taking Part Survey no longer collects information regarding participation in active sports. In addition, arts attendance and arts participation has become a combined measure known as engagement with the arts.

Note: Previously published figures may have changed due to revisions made to the data.

Data Source: Taking Part Survey

Published: 14 February 2013

F1 - Full-size buses accessible to disabled people or with low floor wheelchair access

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005/06. Figures from 2011/12 show that 88 per cent of buses are accessible to disabled people or are equipped with low floor wheelchair access.

  Great Britain
2004/05 52%
2005/06 56%
2006/07 64%
2007/08 69%
2008/09 76%
2009/10 81%
2010/11 85%
2011/12 88%

Definition: The accessibility of buses is measured by the percentage of vehicles which meet Public Sector Vehicle Accessibility Requirements (PSVAR) or buses that do not meet PSVAR but which have low floor designs, suitable for wheelchair access.

Detailed notes and definitions can be found: http://assets.dft.gov.uk/statistics/series/buses/bus-notes-definitions.pdf

Data Source: Department for Transport’s annual sample survey of PSV bus operators.

Published: 14 February 2013

F2 - Disabled people experiencing difficulties in using transport

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures from 2011 show that 22 per cent of disabled people experienced difficulties when using transport. This figure has decreased significantly since the baseline. 

  Percentage of disabled population
2005 27%
2006 25%
2007 25%
2008 25%
2009 23%
2010 23%
2011 22%

Definition: The above figures cover all respondents who report a disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) who say they have had problems in the last 12 months getting to and from transport hubs, getting on or off vehicles, changing modes of transports, travelling by minicab or taxi, booking tickets, ensuring assistance is available, difficulties in crossing roads, using pavements, using pedestrian areas or any other difficulties when travelling.  Data is for individuals in private households aged 16 and over in Great Britain. Data aggregates 8 monthly waves of the survey run in each year except 2007 where data aggregates 6 waves only.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only. Data for England shows that between 2007 (ILS baseline) and 2011, the percentage of disabled people that report having difficulties in using transport decreased from 25 per cent to 22 per cent. These figures have not significantly changed since the baseline.

Note: The method used for identifying disabled respondents has been altered to be in line with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) definition of disability. As a result, figures from 2005 to 2009 have changed from what was previously published.

Data Source: ONS Opinions Survey

Published: 12 July 2012

F3 - People in households with internet access

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2005. Figures from 2010 show disabled people are significantly less likely to live in households with internet access than non-disabled people.

Between 2005 and 2010, the proportion of people in households with internet access:

 DisabledNon-disabled
2005 39.8% 60.2%
2009 54.6% 81.8%
2010 58.4% 84.3%

Definition: Disabled respondents are those with a long-standing physical or mental health condition or disability that has a substantial adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. 

Internet access is determined by the survey respondent answering the question ‘does anyone in the household have access to the internet?’. Data covers Great Britain.

Note: The survey question used to identify disabled respondents has been changed in line with the Disability Discrimination Act definition of disability. As a result, data from 2005 has changed from previously published figures and data consistent with this definition is not available for 2006, 2007 or 2008.

Data Source: British Social Attitudes Survey

Published: 14 February 2011

F4 - Difficulties in accessing goods or services

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year - 2005. Figures from 2011 show that 32 per cent of disabled people experienced difficulties, related to their impairment or disability, in accessing goods or services. This figure has significantly decreased since the baseline.

  Percentage of disabled population
2005 40%
2006 38%
2007 37%
2008 34%
2009 34%
2010 33%
2011 32%

Definition: The above figures cover all respondents who report a disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) who say they have had problems in the last 12 months related to their health problem or disability in accessing facilities at a private club, going to the cinema/theatre/concert, going to the library/art galleries/museums, shopping, pubs/restaurants, sporting events, using public telephone, using websites, using a bank or building society, arranging insurance, arranging accommodation in a hotel/guest house, accessing health services/Local Authority services, Central Government services, law enforcement services, or any other leisure, commercial or public good or service.  Data is for individuals in private households aged 16 over in Great Britain.  Data aggregates the 8 waves of the survey run in each year.

Note: The method used for identifying disabled respondents has been altered to be in line with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) definition of disability. As a result, figures from 2005 to 2009 have changed from what was previously published.

Data Source: ONS Opinions Survey

Published: 12 July 2012

F5 - Adults without savings and bank accounts

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. Between 2004/05 and 2006/07, the percentage of adults who do not hold savings or bank accounts has

The gap between disabled and non disabled people has widened from 4% in 2004/05 to 4.6% in 2006/07.

 Disabled Non disabled
2004/0510.4%6.4%
2005/0610.2%6.6%
2006/0711.6%7.1%

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a limiting long standing illness, impairment or disability. Everyone in this group would meet the definition of disability in the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA); however, these estimates do not reflect the total number of people covered by the DDA as the FRS does not collect this information. Data is for Great Britain. Savings or bank accounts include: current accounts, NSI savings accounts, basic bank accounts, ISAs, and other bank / building society accounts.

Data Source: Family Resources Survey

Published: 01 December 2008

G1 - Suitability of accommodation for disabled people requiring adaptations to their home

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. Figures from 2007/08 show that 80 per cent of disabled people requiring adaptations to their home felt their accommodation was suitable for their needs. These figures have not significantly changed since the baseline.

  Percentage of disabled population requiring adaptations
2002/0374%
2003/0477%
2004/0580%
2005/0675%
2006/0778%
2007/08 80%

Definition: Disability is identified as any household member having a serious long-standing medical condition or disability. Long-standing is defined as anything which has troubled them for a period of at least 12 months or that is likely to affect them over a period of at least 12 months. Households identified as having a disabled member are then asked if their medical condition/disability means their accommodation requires special adaptations, and if their accommodation is suitable for their needs. Data covers England.

Data Source: Survey of English Housing

Published: 03 December 2009

G2 - The percentage of households living in non-decent accommodation

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year 2005 – Figures from 2008 show that 32.6% of households with a disabled person live in non-decent accommodation, compared to 32.8% of households with no disabled person. This difference is not statistically significant. These figures cannot be compared to 2005 due to a change in the decent homes definition (see below). However, based on the updated definition, there has been a reduction in the proportion of households including a disabled person living in non-decent homes since 2006.

 DisabledNon-disabled
200333.1%29.2%
200430.0%27.8%
200528.6%25.9%
200627.3%25.4%
 DisabledNon-disabled
2006*34.1%34.6%
200732.9%34.6%
2008 32.6% 32.8%

*(from this point, we are using an updated decent homes definition)

Definition: Decent homes figures up to 2006 are based on the original definition, which included the Fitness Standard as one of four criteria for assessing decency (the others being a satisfactory state of repair, modern facilities and services and an adequate level of thermal comfort). In 2006, the statutory Fitness Standard was replaced by the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). Information was collected through the survey on both Fitness and the HHSRS for 2006 to enable the impact of the change in the definition of decent homes to be assessed.  From 2006, reporting of decent homes uses the updated definition (incorporating the HHSRS rather than the Fitness Standard). Homes posing a Category 1 hazard under the HHSRS are considered non-decent from April 2006. Disability is identified by anyone in the household having a long term illness or disability.  Data covers England.

Data Source: English House Condition Survey 2003-2007, English Housing Survey 2008

Published: 01 March 2011

G3 - Satisfaction of both home and neighbourhood - data no longer updated

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008. Figures from 2008 show that 82 per cent of disabled people aged 65 and over were satisfied with both their home and neighbourhood compared to 87 per cent of non disabled people aged 65 and over.

 DisabledNon disabled
2008 82% 87%

Definition: Data covers people aged 65 and over who report that they are fairly satisfied or very satisfied to both of the following questions:

  1. How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your local area as a place to live?
  2. How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your home as a place to live?

‘Local Area’ is defined as the area within 15-20 minutes walking distance from your home. Disabled respondents are defined as those respondents who say they have any long standing illness, disability or infirmity (long standing means anything that has troubled you over a period of time or that is likely to affect you over a period of time). Data is for England.

The Place Survey is designed to be carried out by local authorities to collect information about local resident’s perceptions of their local area and the local services they receive. It is a postal (self-completion) survey. Postal surveys, whereby the respondent completes the questionnaire without assistance from a survey interviewer, are much less costly to carry out compared with face-to-face surveys. However, postal surveys can present greater challenges in terms of accurately measuring the views of particularly hard-to-reach groups, such as disabled residents. 

Note: This indicator mirrors National Indicator No.138, which is part of the “New Performance Framework for Local Authorities and Local Authority partnerships: Single Set of National Indicators”.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy.

Data Source: Place Survey

Published: 19 July 2010

H1 - Risk of being a victim of crime

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2004/05. Figures from 2010/11 show that, when age is controlled for, disabled people are significantly more likely to be victims of crime than non disabled people. This gap is largest amongst 16-34 year olds (11 percentage points), and is statistically significant amongst all age groups except for those aged over 65. Since 2004/05, there has been a statistically significant decrease in the risk of crime for disabled and non disabled people for the 35-54 age group. There has also been a significant decrease for non disabled people in the 16-34 age group.

  DisabledNon-disabled
2004/0516-3439%32%
35-5432%25%
55-6420%17%
65+10%10%
2005/0616-3436%31%
35-5432%26%
55-6421%17%
65+11%10%
2006/0716-3444%33%
35-5431%26%
55-6422%18%
65+11%10%
2007/0816-3437%31%
35-5428%23%
55-6421%15%
65+11%9%
2008/0916-3442%32%
35-54 30% 24%
55-64 20% 17%
65+ 11% 9%
2009/10 16-34 38% 30%
35-54 29% 22%
55-64 20% 15%
65+ 10% 9%
2010/2011 16-34 39% 28%
35-54 28% 23%
55-64 20% 17%
65+ 10% 9%

Note: Perceptions the risk of victimisation is likely to vary by characteristics that are interrelated with those presented here. As a result, caution is needed in the interpretation of the effects of the characteristics presented here when viewed in isolation.

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a disability or limiting long-term illness; non disabled people are those who do not report a disability or long-term illness, as well as those who report a non-limiting disability or long-term illness. Data covers England and Wales.

Data Source: British Crime Survey

Published: 14 June 2012

H2 - Confidence in the Criminal Justice System

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2007/08. Figures from 2010/11 show that young disabled people are less likely than their non disabled peers to think the Criminal Justice System (CJS) is effective, with the gap being largest amongst 16-34 year olds (10 percentage points). The gap between disabled and non disabled people who think the CJS is effective is statistically significant for both the 16-34 and 35-54 age groups.

Disabled people are also less likely than non disabled people to think the CJS is fair. The gap in perceived fairness is highest amongst 16-34 year olds (12 percentage points), and is statistically significant amongst all age bands considered.

Both indicators suggest that disabled people are less likely to be confident in the CJS than non disabled people, and that this gap broadly decreases with age.

H2 - Confidence in the Criminal Justice System (Effective)

  DisabledNon-disabled
2007/0816-34 33% 48%
35-54 30% 33%
55-64 26% 33%
65+ 34% 35%
2008/0916-34 39% 48%
35-54 30% 35%
55-64 29% 31%
65+ 35% 36%
2009/10 16-34 39% 50%
35-54 33% 38%
55-64 30% 34%
65+ 37% 39%
2010/2011 16-34 42% 52%
35-54 34% 40%
55-64 34% 35%
65+ 41% 40%

H2 - Confidence in the Criminal Justice System (Fair)

  DisabledNon-disabled
2007/0816-34 46% 62%
35-54 44% 53%
55-64 42% 55%
65+ 56% 60%
2008/0916-34 53% 64%
35-54 49% 56%
55-64 47% 57%
65+ 55% 60%
2009/10 16-34 49% 65%
35-54 49% 58%
55-64 49% 55%
65+ 57% 61%
2010/2011 16-34 54% 66%
35-54 51% 60%
55-64 52% 57%
65+ 61% 63%

Note: Perceptions the Criminal Justice System is likely to vary by characteristics that are interrelated with those presented here. As a result, caution is needed in the interpretation of the effects of the characteristics presented here when viewed in isolation.

Definition: Disabled people are defined as respondents who report a disability or limiting long-term illness; non disabled people are those who do not report a disability or long-term illness, as well as those who report a non-limiting disability or long-term illness. Data covers England and Wales.

*Note: The smaller sample size for the 2007/08 survey means that statistically significant changes are less likely to be detected. This was due to the introduction of questions mid-year in October 2007

Data Source: British Crime Survey

Published: 14 June 2012

I1 - Disabled people’s perception of the choice and control they have over their lives

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008. The figure from 2011 shows that 26 per cent of disabled people did not believe that they frequently had choice and control over their lives. This figure has significantly changed since the baseline.

  Percentage of the disabled population
2008 24%
2009 23%
2010 23%
2011 26%

Definition: The above figures cover all respondents who reported a disability consistent with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) who did not answer “often” or “always” to the following question: “Thinking about your current situation, overall, how often would you say you have choice and control in your life to live your life the way you want to?” Data aggregates 8 monthly waves of the survey run in each year and covers individuals in private households aged 16 and over in Great Britain.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, which covers England only. Data for England shows that in 2010 23 per cent of disabled people did not believe they frequently had choice and control over their lives. This figure has not significantly changed since the 2008 baseline when 24 per cent of disabled people did not believe they frequently had choice and control over their lives.

Note: The method used for identifying disabled respondents has been altered to be in line with the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) definition of disability. As a result, figures from 2005 to 2009 have changed from what was previously published.

Data Source: ONS Opinions Survey

Published: 12 July 2012

I2 - People with long-term conditions supported to be independent and in control of their condition

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2007/08. Figures from 2010/11 show that 79 per cent of people with a long-term condition reported that they had sufficient support from local services or organisations to help manage their long-term health condition(s). This figure is not directly comparable to the 2007/08 baseline due to a change in data source between 2007/08 and 2009/10.

  Percentage of people with long-term conditions supported to be independent and in control of their condition
2007/08 74%
2009/10 81%
2010/11 79%

Definition: Respondents who were supported to be independent and in control of their condition and answered ‘Yes’ to the following question: “In the last 6 months, have you had enough support from local services or organisations to help you to manage your long-term health condition(s)?”. This question is only asked of people who answered ‘Yes’ to the following question: “Do you have any long-standing health problem, disability or infirmity? Please include anything that has troubled you over a period of time or that is likely to affect you over a period of time”. Data covers England.

Note: This indicator mirrors National Indicator No. 124, which is part of the “New Performance Framework for Local Authorities and Local Authority partnerships: Single Set of National Indicators”. For more information please refer to: http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/localgovernment/nationalindicator

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy. For more information please refer to: http://odi.dwp.gov.uk/odi-projects/independent-living-strategy.php

Data Sources: Healthcare Commission Primary Care Trusts Patient Survey 2007-08 and GP patient surveys (DH/Ipos-MORI) 2009-10 and 2010-11

Published: 14 June 2012

I3 - Older people receiving the support to live independently - data no longer updated

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008. Figures from 2008 show that 30 per cent of the general population believe older people in their local area receive the support they need to live independently at home for as long as they want to.

  Percentage of older people receiving the support to live independently
2008 30%

Definition: The figure above is based on responses to the following question:

Disabled respondents are defined as those respondents who say they have any long standing illness, disability or infirmity (long standing means anything that has troubled you over a period of time or that is likely to affect you over a period of time). Data is for England.

The Place Survey is designed to be carried out by local authorities to collect information about local resident’s perceptions of their local area and the local services they receive. It is a postal (self-completion) survey. Postal surveys, whereby the respondent completes the questionnaire without assistance from a survey interviewer, are much less costly to carry out compared with face-to-face surveys. However, postal surveys can present greater challenges in terms of accurately measuring the views of particularly hard-to-reach groups, such as disabled residents. 

Note: This indicator mirrors National Indicator No.139, which is part of the “New Performance Framework for Local Authorities and Local Authority partnerships: Single Set of National Indicators”.

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy.

Data Source: Place Survey

Published: 19 July 2010

I4 - Take-up of direct payments

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008/09. Figures from 2009/10 show that 22.8 per cent of adults with a learning disability received direct payments and/or a personal budget compared to 20.2 per cent of adults with a physical disability and 5.1 per cent of adults with a mental health condition. These figures cannot be compared to 2008/09 as the earlier figures did not include those in receipt of personal budgets (see Notes below).

  2008/09
Adults with a physical disability 13.8%
Adults with a learning disability 13.1%
Adults with a mental health condition 3.2%

  2009/10
Adults with a physical disability 20.2%
Adults with a learning disability 22.8%
Adults with a mental health condition 5.1%

 

Definition: The 2009/10 figures reflect the proportion of clients aged 18-64 receiving social care through direct payments and/or personal budgets as a percentage of the total number of clients receiving community based services in that client group in the year to 31st March. A client may appear in only one primary client type. Primary client types are based on professional decisions centred on the client’s circumstances, and are not solely an administrative categorisation for the purposes of allocation to a particular specialist team. In some Councils with Adult Social Services Responsibilities (CASSRs), each client has an overarching client classification, but may receive a different classification for a specific assessment. Direct payments and individual budgets are monetary payments made to individuals who have been assessed as needing services, in lieu of social service provisions. Data covers England. Further information on national indicator definitions are available from: http://www.audit-commission.gov.uk/localgov/audit/nis/Pages/niguidancesearch.aspx

Notes: In 2009/10 coverage was expanded to include adults in receipt of individual budgets as well as direct payments. As such figures from 2009/10 cannot be compared to 2008/09, which covered those in receipt of direct payments only.

This indicator mirrors National Indicator No. 130, which is part of the “New Performance Framework for Local Authorities and Local Authority partnerships: Single Set of National Indicators”. For more information please refer to: http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/localgovernment/nationalindicator

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is also used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, for which the baseline is 2008/09.

Data Source: NHS Information Centre

Published: 10 October 2011

I5 - People supported to live independently through social services

Baseline and Trends: Baseline year – 2008/09. Figures from 2009/10 show that 506 adults with a physical disability per 100,000 of the population were supported to live independently through social services compared to 349 adults with a learning disability per 100,000 of the population and 548 adults with a mental health condition per 100,000 of the population.

  2008/09 2009/10
Adults with a physical disability (per 100,000 of the population) 540 506
Adults with a learning disability (per 100,000 of the population) 339 349
Adults with a mental health condition (per 100,000 of the population) 557 548

Definition: The figures above reflect the number of adults aged 18-64 per 100,000 population that are assisted directly through social services assessed/care planned, funded support to live independently, plus those supported through organisations that receive social services grant funded services. A client may appear in only one primary client type. Primary client types are based on professional decisions centred on the client’s circumstances, and are not solely an administrative categorisation for the purposes of allocation to a particular specialist team. In some Councils with Adult

Social Services Responsibilities (CASSRs), each client has an overarching client classification, but may receive a different classification for a specific assessment. However, there is the potential for double counting between assessed services and grant funded services but including this latter group gives a broader picture of the overall level of services which are supporting people to live independently. The latest available estimate of double counting between council provided services and grant funded services is 10%.  There is also the potential for double counting between grant funded organisations but there is no estimate available for this.  Data covers England. Further information on national indicator definitions are available from: http://www.audit-commission.gov.uk/localgov/audit/nis/Pages/niguidancesearch.aspx

This indicator mirrors National Indicator No. 136, which is part of the “New Performance Framework for Local Authorities and Local Authority partnerships: Single Set of National Indicators”. For more information please refer to: http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/localgovernment/nationalindicator

Independent Living Strategy (ILS): This indicator is also used to monitor the Independent Living Strategy, for which the baseline is 2008/09.

Data Source: NHS Information Centre

Published: 10 October 2011

Page last reviewed: 13 December 2011